Perfume making has a long history, dating back thousands of years to ancient times. In ancient Egypt, perfumes were made from macerating exotic botanical materials such as flower petals, plant seeds, tree bark, fruits, plant roots and leaves, mixing them with natural gum and resins and soaking them in a fat or oil base. The use of these aromatic plant materials was actually an early form of aromatherapy. The techniques used then for gathering natural materials, has remained almost unchanged over time. Cleopatra, renowned for her beauty, used essential oils to soothe and nourish her skin. Historians report she was also talented at making her own perfumes. A popular ancient Egyptian perfume was called Kyphi, and was made from peppermint, myrrh, saffron, cinnamon and juniper. They also crafted some of the first glass perfume bottles, coloring them after the colors of gem stones.

The Egyptians also burned various aromatic substances throughout the day for specific rituals. The use of perfumes in religious rituals eventually expanded, and from 1580 to 1085 B.C. perfumes were not only burned as incense, but were also used in scented balms and oils applied on the body for medial and cosmetic purposes. Egyptian women, including Cleopatra, soon learned perfumes could be used as weapons of seduction. The Egyptians knowledge of perfumed oils grew and led them to creating the oils necessary to embalm the dead.

During the Egyptian reign, they became renowned for their knowledge and production of essential oils. This expertise brought them great wealth, as they sent these oils around the world via trade routes. Due to their continued dedication, the art of healing body and soul became a science and has endured through the ages. To this day, ancient Egyptians are still considered prime contributors of a selection of exotically-fragrant essential oils, which remain popular today. Common plants from ancient times are still used in modern day perfumery; amyris, tuberose, cassie and narcissus are used in expensive perfumes.

In ancient Greece, a new technique added spices and balsams to perfumes and they were mixed into creams. These aromas provided a source of pleasure. They favored using roses, lilies and violets and immersed these botanicals in hot oils. The Greeks also honored their dead war heroes with rituals that included burning perfume. Hippocrates (460 B.C. – 377 B.C.), known as the founder of medicine, used perfumed oils in medical practices he performed.

The ancient Romans with their Roman baths, should perhaps, be considered the originators of the modern day spa. The Romans favored lavender and often added this to their baths. They would spray the soles of their sandals, the heads of their guests during banquets, door sills and military flags in effort to attract good luck. In perfume making, they also improved maceration techniques and developed the technique of using perfumed petals to saturate a fat, called enfleurage.

The interest in perfumery also captivated the the people of Pomp
eii in 79 A.D. Beneath the lava and ash of the fateful volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius, archaeologists uncovered evidence of perfume production. They discovered equipment and materials commonly used in the making of perfume. The Pompeians used rose, jasmine, lily, marjoram, fennel and laurel in their perfumes. These ancient plants are still used in perfumery today.

The next most important advance to the making of perfume is attributed to the Arabs. They invented steam distillation, as well as the coil and still needed to accomplish it. This discovery led to experimentation, which resulted in the use of alcohol as the base of all perfumes, just as they are known today. The Arabs also invented the use of distilled rain water for the purification of pastes and resins used in perfumery.

During the Middle Ages and Renaissance period, perfumes were used for therapeutic and medicinal treatments. Perfume began to be applied to collars, rosaries and aromatic “cushions” which, were worn around the neck or as a bracelet. Hungry Water, considered the first personal perfume, was formulated in 1370. This famous formula was derived from the essences of rose, mint, lemon balm, rosemary, lemon and orange blossoms, and remained popular in the perfume market for several centuries.

During the 16th and 17th centuries, many Europeans devoted a room in their homes to the making of home-made cosmetics and perfumes, utilizing local plant materials. During this time period, perfumes actually replaced bathing, with people covering their entire bodies with powders, oils and aromatic waters. This infatuation with perfume spread to everything from letters, to wigs, fans, cushions and religious objects. During the 17th century, the perfume industry became established quickly with the release of perfumed gloves. This soon led to Paris establishing itself as the head of the perfume industry in France. Perfumes were so popular France’s queen, Marie Antoinette (1755-1793), engaged her own perfumer who made her many natural perfumes and fragrances. Those scents favored by Marie Antoinette derived from violet, jonquil, rose, lily and tuberose.

As science progressed toward the end of the 18th century and entered into the Industrial Revolution, scientists learned how to replicate the fragrances found in nature and gradually introduced them into perfume production. As “science” persuaded people synthetics were better, and because synthetic ingredients were cheaper to produce, these chemical duplicates became widely used. Creating perfumes from essential oils was time-consuming and costly, and in the past, only the wealthy could afford to purchase such a luxury item. However, with the advent of synthetic replication, mass production ensued, making perfume affordable for a greater number of people, thus an industry was born.

Today, “natural” refers to the source of the material and the extraction method used. The purer the natural materials are, the more costly it is, as purity affects the quality of the scent produced. Many of the chemicals found in fragrances are from the natural chemicals occurring in flowers, fruits, trees, etc. and therefore, are naturally derived. Natural perfumes are more in harmony with the body and retain the vitality of the plant material used to make them. Natural aromatic plants have value, healing capabilities and aromatherapy properties, which are lost with synthetic replication. However, there are many plants and flowers unable to naturally produce an essential oil, therefore, to be able to enjoy that fragrance beyond the plant itself, a synthetic duplicate is needed. Examples of scents unavailable as an essential oil are lilac and lily. My favorite flower scent is lilac, and I have no objections enjoying the synthetic duplicate, which is spot-on.

There is more to synthetic perfume today than just the fragrance. These artificial fragrances, as previously mentioned, are chemically reproduced mainly to reduce the costs of producing the perfume. Excluding the flowers which are unable to produce an essential oil, synthetics are used because precious oils from flowers, such as the rose or jasmine, require many, many petals in order to extract a small amount of oil. The cost for one ounce of an exotic essential oil can be thousands of dollars. In addition, some often used essential oils are becoming rare, such as sandalwood, due to over harvesting, which has depleted the forests of this beloved tree.

I believe the problem with commercial perfume today, is not the synthetic fragrance itself, but rather the complex mixture of chemicals used in addition to the fragrance. The perfume chemist will take the fragrance selected and add a solvent to it. This allows it to evaporate slowly, so the scent is given off over a period of time and not all at once. Common solvents used are acetone (common in commercial cologne), or ethanol. Then, stabilizers and fillers are added to bulk up the fragrance and to ensure it doesn’t degrade over time. Sometimes, the solvent will also act as a preservative and filler.

These added chemicals have been known to produce adverse effects in people with chemical sensitivity, causing headaches, breathing difficulties, nausea and other unpleasant reactions, affecting the body through direct contact or inhalation. Although these chemicals are considered safe in the small amounts used, those prone to allergies, chemical sensitivity, or have asthma, are more likely to suffer a reaction by just being exposed to someone wearing an offending perfume. Wearing commercial perfumes also contributes to indoor pollution, making it difficult for those who suffer from allergic reactions to be in public places.

The use of essential oils is experiencing a resurgence and their ancient use for treating common skin problems is making a comeback. Natural perfumes can be made from essential oils mixed with a base oil, alcohol, or water and an emulsifier. People are less likely to have an adverse reaction to fragrances made from pure essential oils, and just like Cleopatra discovered, essential oils are capable of soothing and nourishing our skin.

For a selection of products formulated with pure essential oils, visit essensu holistic skincare.

** There has been current concern over the use of phthalates, such as DEP, in fragrance oils. Phthalates may act as hormone disruptors and can be an irritant. At essensu, when we purchase fragrance oils, we purchase phthalate-free fragrances. However, please note the studies performed on phthalates often fail to mention there are three main categories of phthalates, and the ones which are of real concern are those used in cleaning products, air fresheners, paint products, solvants, pesticide sprays, and other related products.

essensu … We Bring The Garden To Skincare

Posted on 30 Oct 2009 In: Health, Natural

What is Hand Reflexology and Acupressure?

Roll your mouse over the hands above to reveal various points

What is Acupressure?

Acupressure is known by a variety of different names including:

  • Reflexology
  • Concentrated Massage
  • Zone Therapy
  • Shiatsu
  • Contact Therapy
  • Pointed Pressure Therapy


This ancient form of medical massage is time tested, drug-free, and very safe. It stimulates the body’s nervous system and promotes proper blood circulation throughout the body. Acupressure can be used to address various internal organ imbalances and has both curative and preventative effects on the whole body.

Acupressure Benefits

Acupressure can be beneficial for:

  • Pain
  • Headaches
  • Migraines
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Toothache
  • Dizziness
  • Menstrual pain
  • Digestive disorders (diarrhea, constipation)
  • Nausea
  • Morning sickness
  • Motion sickness
  • Stress
  • Tiredness


Acupressure should always be used in in addition to primary medical care.

Acupressure Treatment

What happens during an Acupressure Treatment?

Acupressure is based on the theory that all portions of the body have related pressure points in the ears, hands, and feet in certain fixed locations. By applying pressure to these specific points, internal organ function is stimulated and the normal flow of energy can be restored to certain parts of the body. This treatment can benefit a wide variety ailments, help in the prevention of illness, and can be great for maintaining good health and beauty.

How is Acupressure Performed?

Acupressure is performed by a therapist who uses their fingers, hands, elbows, knees, or massage tools to apply pressure to certain reflex zones. Techniques can vary depending on the practitioner but often include rubbing, kneading, percussion, vibration, on various parts of the body with varying degrees of pressure. This form of therapy can be performed lying down, while seated, or even standing. Acupressure treatments vary in length depending on the needs of the patient.

essensu … We Bring The Garden To Skincare

Posted on 30 Oct 2009 In: Health, Natural

Salt Scrubs Are One of the 14,000 Uses for Salt

I think anyone who has ever used a salt scrub would attest to their continuing popularity at home and in spas around the globe. There are many types of salt are available, from common table salt or often preferred sea salt, to the more exotic dead sea salts, solar sea salts, European Sea salt, pink Himalayan salts, etc. While there are many varieties of salt to choose from, what they share in common, is they are all therapeutic.

Did mankind always use salt? This was the first question I wanted to answer while writing this entry. Is the use of salt by people and civilizations a common thread from ancient times? Did their use of salt evolve through time, similar to Cleopatra’s famed milk baths to obtain soft skin? Indeed it did.

Consider this: without salt, no animal, including humans, would be able to survive. Sodium is a component of our blood and an element required in blood. In ancient times, to sustain growing populations salt was required. The availability and the accessibility for easy production of salt, were basic conditions needed for population growth and development. The importance of salt to any civilization should not be underestimated.

There were industries that were allied to the availability of salt. This gave strength to the populations who had a steady and reliable supply of salt. These societies had an advantage by enabling them to make enormous leaps into a new world of culture, health and well-being.

Some of these early industries included silver mining, (a salt solution was used to harvest the silver from ore), the making of glass (salt mixed with lime and sand), and of course the tanning of hides and the dehydration of meat for preservation, which allowed for a centralized distribution channel to the society, thus providing strength and growth.

From ancient times to modern times there are now believed to be 14,000 uses for salt! With responsible use, salt provides an environmentally friendly alternative to harsh chemicals and, common salt is inexpensive. These countless uses for salt may be utilized in many areas around the home: the kitchen, the bathroom, the laundry, the garden, in addition to personal hygiene, to name a few. I’m including some of the 14,000 lesser known uses for salt and providing choice alternatives to purchased (chemical) products that offer to do the same thing.


Unusual Uses For Salt
  • Add a pinch to milk and it will retain its freshness longer, without affecting its taste.
  • Add to green salads to prevent wilting.
  • Add a few dashes to your water when boiling eggs. It will help prevent the shells from cracking, and if they do it keeps the egg contained in the shell.
  • Remove the dirt from leafy vegetables by washing the leaves in a bath of salt water.
  • Eliminate the smell of onions and garlic from your hands by rubbing your hands with a paste made from salt and lemon juice.
  • Enhance the taste of coffee by adding a pinch of salt to coffee grinds before brewing. Also said to reduce bitterness. A pinch may also be added to tea and cocoa.
  • Add a half cup (1/4 cup for HE washers) salt to your wash water to prevent color fading.
  • Extend the life of fresh cut flowers by adding salt to the vase water.
  • Soak new toothbrushes in slat water before using, they’ll last longer.
  • Brush your teeth with salt by sprinkling on your toothbrush for an effective tooth polish. May also be mixed half and half with baking soda.
  • Mouthwash is easy to make by adding salt to water. Effectively kills bacteria and odors.
  • Gargle with a mild salt solution for toothaches or sore throats.
  • Neutralize odors from drains and pipes and help dissolve grease and built up gunk by adding 1/2 cup salt per quart of boiling water, then pour down the drain.
  • Mildew can be tackled with a mixture of salt and lemon juice and applied to tiles in tubs and showers.
  • Remove sticky residue from an iron by running a hot iron (no steam) over plain paper sprinkled with salt. A salt solution may also be made and applied to a cool iron with a cloth. Steam iron jets before ironing clothing.
  • Clean greasy cookware and help to remove baked on food by sprinkling salt on pans before scrubbing.
  • Kill bacteria (very important when poultry is involved) and remove odors from wooden cutting boards by rubbing salt into your board, let it stand, then rinse. It will be fresh and bacteria free.
  • Pet accidents can be remedied by using salt to soak up and neutralize the area.
  • Freshen sponges by soaking them in salt water.
  • Fleas and dust mites can be killed by sprinkling salt onto your carpet or in the cracks of hardwood floors, let sit for an hour, then vacuum. Will also kill the flea’s eggs.
  • Weeds can be eliminated in the garden or between sidewalk bricks by sprinkling salt on them, or using a salt water solution.
  • Repel ants by sprinkling on shelves. Ants won’t cross over salt.
  • Add solar sea salts, dead sea, European sea, etc. salt to your bath water for the ultimate relaxing and soothing nutrient bath. Your whole body will love you for it, as it feeds you skin and unknots your muscles.
Now these are uses for ordinary salt. Yummy salt scrubs are anything but ordinary. If you’ve never indulged in using one, it is something to consider. Salt scrubs are a marvelous way to exfoliate naturally, removing dry, flaky skin and moisturizing at the same time.

There is a final thing I should mention about salt, and that’s the proverbial superstition of throwing a pinch over your left shoulder if you should spill any. This is done to ward off evil spirits or bad luck. This belief echoes the – break a mirror and you’ll have bad luck, superstition.
How about throwing a pinch of salt over your shoulder from time to time, when using salt in these eco-friendly ways, just for good luck. While you’re at it, why not decide to treat yourself to a once a week salt or salt and sugar scrub spa treatment right at home? We deserve to be good to our skin as well as our environment. We offer many choices of bath salts at essensu.
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essensu … We Bring The Garden To Skincare

Posted on 30 Oct 2009 In: Health, Natural

Vespa Blogger Friendship Award

Thank you Corinne from everydaygyaan.com for the following award. I’m truly grateful for your kindness. I enjoy your blog as well, and am delighted to be a blogger friend.


In turn, I would like to award the Vespa Blogger Award Friendship (award) to the following people who have shared their friendship with me:

Ramona at http://3peeps.blogspot.com

CT at http://ctjewelrydesign.blogspot.com

Dorana at http://doranadesign.blogspot.com

Ninja Jenn at http://ninjaknowledge.blogspot.com

Michele at http://www.poeticexpression.net

Alicai at http://blogfireguild.blogspot.com

Guin at http://girlpaint.com/blog

If you would like to pass this award on to some of your blogger friends, then here’s how to do it (as passed on to me):
1. Put the logo on your blog
2. Add a link to the person who awarded you
3. Nominate at least 7 other blogs
4. Add links to those blogs on your blog
5. Leave a message for the nominees on their blog

Thank you to my blogger friends for sharing your knowledge and humor.

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essensu … We Bring The Garden To Skincare

Posted on 30 Oct 2009 In: Health, Natural

Exactly What Are You Putting On Your Skin?

What Does “Natural” Mean To Us? Our holistic skincare line is formulated with therapeutic concentrations of plant based and naturally derived ingredients. We don’t use sodium lauryl or laureth sulfates, synthetic dyes or coloring, petroleum, petrolatum, mineral oil, harsh chemicals, fillers, fewer to no phthalates, in addition, we only use gentle preservatives and product is personally made fresh, by us, daily.

Essensu brings the “essence” of nature to skincare, to create a luxury line of holistic products that will nourish and nurture your skin. Combining elements from earth and ocean our products:

  • Will vitalize your skin for beauty and wellness
  • Reflect the balance and harmony found in nature
  • Are infused with the philosophy of healing energy and vibrant nurturing
  • Provide head-to-toe pampering because you deserve it!

It is our passion and our mission to create and continually strive to produce an exceptional holistic skincare line right from Mother Nature’s Apothecary. Our products will excite your senses through aromatherapy. Our products may also provide calm and relaxation simply by inhaling their aroma. Don’t be left out. You can experience the essence of nature by simply enjoying any essensu product. Essensu is skincare you can trust.

essensu … We Bring The Garden To Skincare

Posted on 30 Oct 2009 In: Health, Natural

Contact Form

essensu … We Bring The Garden To Skincare

Posted on 1 Jul 2009 In: Music

A New Club For Musicians…

Are you a musician?  A producer?

How would you like access to…

  • Tons of samples, with new samples added every month.
  • Loads of loops, with new loops added every month.
  • Plugin downloads.
  • Production Support Forum.
  • Audio Production Tutorials & Videos.
  • MP3 Track Pool.
  • Free Audio Tools
  • Many more features to be announced.

Would you be interested in this ???

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